What should you do to recover from heart surgery? (and what shouldn’t you do)
A full recovery from open heart surgery will take up to 3 month, and most of the recovery time will be at home. Understanding what you can and cannot do is important to recovering well. Keep in mind these dos and don’ts for a speedy and full recovery.
Do Establish A Routine
Ward off depression and allow your body to adjust to being home by creating a daily routine. Wake at the same time each day, have regular meal times, schedule exercise, visits, and entertainment during the day, and go to bed at a regular time.
Don’t Over Do It
You will be limited in the number of stairs you can climb and the amount you can lift. Don’t cheat. The limits are set to allow your sternum to heal properly and to keep your heart from overworking before it has recovered.
Do Attend Cardiac Rehabilitation
As you recover your heart will need to be strengthened. During cardiac rehabilitation your heart is constantly monitored while you exercise. You will regain strength and endurance, but also will gain confidence in your repaired heart.
Don’t Doze All Day
Take a short nap in the afternoon if you are very tired, but otherwise try to avoid sleeping during the day to allow your body to readjust to a normal schedule.
Do Wear A Seatbelt
Until your sternum is completely healed, you will not be able to drive. If you ride in a car, do wear your seatbelt. The seatbelt may be uncomfortable against your chest. Using a small towel as padding may be more comfortable.
A surgically repaired sternum is really a broken bone and will take at least six weeks to heal fully. Most of the limitations on activities are made to protect the sternum while it heals.
Don’t Worry About Decreased Concentration
It is normal to be fuzzy-headed after surgery and even notice decreased language or math skills initially. Most of the time this completely resolves within the first six weeks of recovery.
Do Take Medications On Schedule
Many cardiac medications must be taken at the same time every day. Using a pill keeper and the alarm on your watch or phone can be useful in keeping on schedule.
Don’t Be Shy. Ask For Help
If you are feeling sad or depressed for more than two week after returning home, or are having negative thoughts, seek help. Depression and anxiety are very common after heart surgery.
Do Join A Peer Support Group
Talking with other people who have recovered from heart surgery can be very comforting. Find a Mended Hearts or WomenHeart program in your area or ask your doctor for information about groups near you.
Don’t Skip Meals
After heart surgery many people lose their appetites, or find food tastes odd. Many people experience a metallic taste in their mouths for a while. Eating enough calories to fuel healing is important. Four to six small meals per day may be easier than three larger meals. Eat even if you aren’t hungry. Now is not the time to diet or try to lose weight. Consult with your doctor or dietician for tips to pack in calories such as protein drinks or meal replacement drinks.
Do Post Emergency Information On Your Refrigerator
Be prepared. Make a list of your medications, your doctor’s name and contact information, emergency contact person, and your name and birthdate on a brightly colored piece of paper. Hand the information on your refrigerator and carry a copy in your wallet or purse.
Do Shower Every Day
You won’t be able to take a bath for a while, but keeping yourself and your incision clean is very important.
Don’t Shy Away From The Scale.
Keeping track of your weight it very important. Rapid weight gain is very concerning and could be a sign of complications. Get on the scale every day and keep track of the results. Report to the doctor if you gain more than two pound in a day or more than 3 pound over a week.
Do Have Reasonable Expectations
There will be good days and bad days. Be kind to yourself and remember full recovery can take 12 weeks. Rest when you are tired. Seek out company of those who support you. As your heart recovers and your body heals, things will begin to taste better, you will have more energy, and you will be able to resume a more normal life.
Keep in mind these Dos and Don’ts as you recovery from open heart surgery. What you do at home will have a large impact on how quickly and how well you heal.